Archive for January, 2013


News

—The Christian Association of Nigeria, CAN, Wednesday, described recent statement linked to former Federal Capital Territory Minister, Mallam Nasir El-Rufai, on Jesus Christ, as not only reckless but also indicative of deep-seated moral bankcruptcy.

El-Rufai had tweeted on January 28, that “if Jesus criticises Jonathan’s government, Maku, Abati or Okupe will say that he slept with Mary Magdalene”.

Addressing newsmen on the issue, CAN warned El-Rufai that “if he persists in such matters and making such divisive commentaries, he must prepare himself for a very forceful and vigorous reaction from the Church and the Christian community in Nigeria”.

Speaking through its General Secretary, Rev. Musa Asake, CAN warned that the “maturity and dignified restraint of the Christian populace, in the face of inflammatory and provocative statements, should not be taken as licence for unbridled assault.

“We urge his religious leaders and political associates to advise him to be far more sobre and circumspect and put a padlock on his mouth before he lights the candle that sets our country on fire.

Mallam El- Rufai
“On our part, we urge the Christian community and our Christian youths to continue to be restrained and always seek peace, love and harmony, in spite of the provocations that they are facing from the likes of Nasir El-Rufai and those he represents.

“We must not allow him to turn Nigeria into a cauldron of fire by his reckless, bigoted and twisted commentaries about our Lord or our faith and we must view him for exactly what he is, a failed, desperate, hate-filled and drowning politician, who is now stoking embers of religious division to create a political base for himself amongst his people.

“Nigeria has no place for a religious bigots who delight in insulting the Christian faith.
“We urged the Federal Government to call Nasir El-Rufai to order and not to overlook the possibility that his joke was not only contrived but was actually calculated to create an even greater wedge between Christians and Muslims with the attendant consequences.

“Had it not been for the maturity, fortitude, patience, decency, forgiving nature and deep sense of restraint that the majority of Christians have in our country, El-Rufai would not have been safe anywhere in Nigeria today after cracking such an expensive joke.”


Source : Vanguard

After 42 months of ceaseless attacks during which it killed about 3000 Nigerians, the Jama’atul Ahalis Sunna Lida’awati Wal Jihad, also known as Boko Haram Islamic sect, yesterday, agreed to lay down its arms for peace to prevail in the country.

The cease-fire was reached after a marathon meeting between some leaders of the group, which has been terrorizing some states in the North, particularly Borno since July 2009, and the Borno State Government.

The peace deal came after unknown gunmen killed 13 people in Gajigana town, a remote part of Borno State.

Those killed included three JTF operatives at the weekend. Also, a security man attached to AIT/Raypower in Bauchi State was shot dead Sunday night by a gang of suspected armed robbers.

The agreement between the Borno State government and the sect was reached after a closed-door meeting between suspected members of Boko Haram and Governor Kashim Shettima with other top government officials and religious leaders from the state in attendance.

Spokesman for the Joint Military and Police Forces in Maiduguri, which is the epicentre of Boko Haram’s campaign, Lt. Col. Sagir Musa, confirmed the attack on Gajigana town but did not give further details.

Meanwhile, an official of the Federal Government said last night that the government would critically study the group’s cease-fire terms before responding.

I saw eight bodies –Eye witness

Modu Bukar, a trader in the town, saw the bodies after the attack, which sent panicky residents fleeing, adding that he had heard gunshots during the attack.

“I saw eight bodies afterwards – three of them young men, and another five who were heads of households,” he said, adding that he did not know who was behind it.

Borno State, which shares porous borders with Cameroon, Niger and Chad, on the threshold of the Sahara, has suffered increasing lawlessness since Boko Haram launched an uprising against the government in 2009.

A general breakdown of law and order in the areas where the sect operates has also created space for armed criminal networks and ethnic militias with scores to settle, both of which sometimes kill dozens in overnight attacks.

Why we’re sheathing our sword – Boko Haram commander

Briefing newsmen after the marathon meeting in Maiduguri, Sheikh Abu Mohammad Abdulazeez Ibn Idris a commander of Boko Haram in-charge of North and Central Borno, said after due consultation with the leader of the sect, Shiekh Abubakar Shekau, as well as intervention and pleadings from respected individuals and groups in the state, we “have all come to terms and agreed to lay down our arms.”

The Boko Haram Commander, however, insisted that government should immediately release all their members from custody unconditionally, re-build their places of worship and compensate them among other demands.

Sheikh Abdulazeez said that, the sect observed that during the lingering insurgency, a lot of Muslim women and children had suffered untold hardship, adding that, they also decided to lay down their arms for peace to reign in Borno and the country at large.

“I am appealing and calling on all our members through this medium to lay down their arms henceforth, till further notice,” Abdulazeez stated.

On the wanton killings, especially the slaughtering of eight people in Gajigana town of Magumeri Local Council of Borno State on Sunday and burning of public buildings, he disassociated Boko Haram from the acts, insisting that the atrocities were committed by criminals hiding under the guise of Boko Haram.

Abdulazeez’s comments read in part: “I am Sheikh Muhammed Abdulazeez Ibn Idris, the second Commander in-charge of Southern and Northern Borno after Imam Abubakar Shekau of Jamaatul Ahjlil Sunna lidawati wal Jihad, otherwise known as Boko Haram.

We the members of Jamaatul ahlil sunna lidawati wal jihad otherwise known as Boko Haram recently had a meeting and dialogue with the government of Borno State where we resolved that giving the prevailing situation, there is the need for us to cease fire.

We, on our own, in the top hierarchy of our movement under the leadership of Imam Abubakar Shekau, as well as some of our notable followers agreed that our brethren in Islam, both women and children are suffering unnecessarily; hence we resolved that we should bring this crisis to an end.

“We therefore call on all those that identify themselves with us and our cause, to from today lay down their arms. Let every member who hears this announcement relay it to the next member who hasn’t heard.
“We have met with the Borno State Government on two occasions and the fallout of the meeting is to cease-fire.

Presently, we are going to comply with the cease-fire order and by the time we are done with that, then government security agencies can go ahead to arrest whoever they find carrying arms or killing under our names.

We are very much aware of the fact that some criminals have infiltrated our movement and continued attacking and killing people using our names.

“We have also told the government to try to live up to our demands that our members in detention should be released.

We hope the government will not betray us this time around because we all know that it was because of the continued detention of our members that this crisis continued for this long. And if government fails to do as it has promised, then this conflict will never have an end.

“Of course there is a faction within us, but the larger faction of our movement is the one in support of this cease-fire moves. Moreover, once top members of our group including Imam Abubakar Shekau are in support of the need for ceasing fire, other smaller factions can be dealt with easily.

This message, by the Grace of Allah, comes directly from the office of Imam Abubakar Shekau, the supreme leader of Jamaatul ahlil Sunna lidawati wal Jihad.”

It’s a welcome devt – Borno State govt

Reacting to the development, Special Adviser to Governor Kashim Shettima on Communication, Alhaji Isa Umar Gusau, said it was a welcome development, noting that the state government under the leadership of Shettima, since inception, had opened its doors for dialogue to end the hostilities which had disrupted economic activities and peaceful co-existence in the state.

Contacted, Borno State Commissioner for Information, Inuwa Bwala, said he was just arriving from the burial of his first cousin who was killed last Thursday and did not have details of the meeting.

FG to study their conditions

The Federal Government is to critically study the conditions given by the Boko Haram sect while announcing its unilateral cease-fire before making a pronouncement.

A highly placed government official told Vanguard in Abuja, yesterday, that government was not in a hurry to jump at the offer being made by the sect.

The official who pleaded anonymity because government has not taken a formal position on the matter noted that “from our experience, the sect is not reliable and their words cannot be taken at face value. All facets of governmental apparatus would be consulted before a final decision would be taken on the matter. We are not in a hurry to jump at their offer.”

The official noted that while government was committed to dialogue, it was not going to negotiate with any group on a position of weakness and proactive security measures would continue to be taken to safe-guard the lives and properties of Nigerians.

How AIT man was killed

Meanwhile, Vanguard gathered that the AIT/Raypower security man identified as Malam Idris Yusuf was reportedly killed sometime between 10 and 11pm when he had closed from duty and was going home.

The robbers who were said to have stolen a car asked him to help them with petrol as their tank was empty and they were without money.

It was learnt that when the owners of the stolen car who were trailing the robbers sighted them and raised an alarm, late Idris held the arms of one of the suspects as he was about to escape with his colleagues not knowing that the suspect had a gun.

He was said to have been shot in the abdomen by the robber in the ensuing scuffle but he died on the way to the Abubakar Tafawa Balewa Teaching Hospital, ATBTH, where he was being rushed to by good Samaritans around 4am.

The Head of station of the AIT/Raypower Mr. Terver Tsav who was at the hospital described the deceased as “a good Samaritan who wanted to use his money to buy the fuel for the stranded men not knowing that they had stolen the car.”

Deputy Police Public Relation Officer, Muhammad Auyo denied any knowledge of the incident, pointing out that the state Police Commissioner, Mohammed Ladan, was in the best position to speak on it.

Origin of Boko Haram
Boko Haram, which figuratively means ‘Western education is sin’ was founded in 2002 in Maiduguri by Ustaz Mohammed Yusuf. The sect opposes not only Western education, but Western culture and modern science as well.

In a 2009 BBC interview, Yusuf stated that the belief that the world is a sphere is contrary to Islam and should be rejected, along with Darwinism and the theory that rain comes from water evaporated through the atmosphere.

In 2004, it moved to Kanamma, Yobe State, where it set up a base called “Afghanistan”, used to attack nearby police outposts, killing police officers. Yusuf was hostile to democracy and the secular education system, vowing that “this war that is yet to start would continue for long” if the political and educational system was not changed.

In Bauchi, the group, which includes members who come from neighbouring Chad and speak only in Arabic was reported as refusing to mix with local people.

Clash with the state

In July 2009 the Nigerian police started investigating Boko Haram, following reports that the group was arming itself. Yusuf, the leader and others were arrested and on July 30, 2009 allegations were made that Yusuf himself was killed by Nigerian security forces after being taken into custody.

The development invigorated deadly clashes with Nigerian security forces and attacks on churches, public institutions and military facilities among others which led to the deaths of an estimated 3000 people, according to Chief of Army Staff (COAS), Lieutenant General Azubuike Ihejirika.

The Attacks
Prior to the clashes, many Muslim leaders and at least one military official had warned the authorities about Boko Haram. Those warnings were reportedly ignored.

According to Human Rights Watch, between July and December 2010, at least 85 people were killed in some 35 separate attacks in four states in northern and, as well as in Abuja, the nation’s capital. Attacks attributed to Boko Haram in 2011 left at least 550 people dead in some 115 separate incidents.

In the first nine months of 2012 alone, more than 815 people died in some 275 separate attacks in 12 northern and central states, and Abuja.

Among the litany of attacks include those of the United Nations Office, Abuja, Police Headquarters, Abuja, the building housing ThisDay Newspapers, Sun Newspapers and Daily Trust in Abuja, St Theresa’s Catholic Church, Madalla, Niger State, Deeper Life Church, Okene; Military Cantonment Jaji, Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SAS) office and other numerous security facilities especially police stations.

The security agencies also went on counter-offensive arresting, detaining and in many instances killing Boko Haram members and leaders.

Disturbed by the escalating violence, many northern leaders and groups including the Arewa Consultative Forum (ACF) urged government to dialogue with the group to end the killings.

Last November, the group gave the government conditions for ending the hostilities

The acclaimed spokesman of the group, Abu Mohammed Ibn Abdulazeez in a tele-conference with journalists in Maiduguri stated that if the state and the Federal Government want the group to cease-fire completely, then former Borno state governor Ali Modu Sheriff must be arrested and prosecuted according to the laws of the land.

He also said that the government should compensate the group and rebuild their places of worship which were destroyed during the 2009 uprising.

He pointed out that for a dialogue to take place, it must be through the following elders: Dr. Shettima Ali Monguno; Former Head of State General Muhammadu Buhari; former Yobe State Governor, Bukar Abba Ibrahim; Ambassador Gaji Galtimari and Barr Aisha Alkali Wakil and her husband, Barr, Alkali Wakil, insisting that the dialogue must not take place in Saudi Arabia.

Abu Abdulazeez also said that the group has mandated five members who are to mediate on their behalf; they include himself (Abu Mohammed Abdulazeez), Abu Abbas, Sheikh Ibrahim Yusuf, Sheikh Sani Kontogora and Mamman Nur.

Buhari later distanced himself from the group and the Federal Government said it could not negotiate with pre-conditions, thus the crisis was allowed to fester.

With the latest decision of the group to sheathe their sword, it is hoped that all stakeholders will play their required roles for normalcy to return to the country.


American rapper Rick Ross smashed his Rolls-Royce into an apartment building in Ft. Lauderdale, Florida early this morning while attempting to flee from a drive-by shooting. TMZ is reporting he was the intended target.

According to reports, around 5am Rick Ross and a female companion were leaving a party on Las Olas Boulevard in Fort Lauderdale when a car pulled up along side Rick’s dark colored Rolls and opened fire.

Rick swerved to avoid being hit and crashed into an apartment building at SE 15 Avenue.

Neither Rick nor his passenger were hit. Security cameras at a building across the street from the crash were rolling during the incident and cops are hoping the footage will either reveal the identity of the shooter or at least show the vehicle.

Yung Roc


Security Operatives have arrested a Fulani leader in Mangu local government area of Plateau state, North Central Nigeria in the early hours of Friday with five human skulls hidden in the ceiling of his apartment while arms and ammunition were also recovered from the premises.

The combined team of police and military personnel carried out the raid following a tipoff from some residents on the suspicious movement of the Fulani leader known as Ardo whose activities have been a concern to the community.

According to the Mangu Local Government Caretaker Committee Chairman, Ifa Shikbena, the arrest was effected by security operatives where the human skulls and firearms were discovered.

Confirming the incident, Special Task Force Spokesman, Captain Salisu Mustapha explained that investigations are ongoing to ascertain the kind of firearms recovered from the suspect and the number of arrests as well as the human skulls found in his possession.

The Plateau state government noted with concern the resurgence of violent attacks in some parts of the state in view of the recent and steady peace been enjoyed for some time.

In a statement issued by the Commissioner for Information and Communications, Abraham Yiljap, the recent unprovoked attacks have resulted in the loss of many lives causing pains among the people.

He pointed out that the ” latest attacks in some parts of Jos South, Barkin Ladi and Wase local government areas appeared deliberately aimed at plunging the state into larger and perpetual theatre of conflict adding that the state government has in consultation with security agencies adopted various measures to stop any spread of violence”.

The statement further “directed local government management committee chairmen of the affected areas to adopt specific pro-active measures to douse tension and maintain the peace of the areas and called on the people of plateau state to remain calm but vigilant, avoid any form of panic, and cooperate with security agencies in building up on the level of peace already attained”.

…..Yung Roc


1 – You vigorously deny the existence of thousands of Gods claimed by other religions, but feel outraged when someone denies the existence of yours.

2 – You feel insulted and”dehumanized” when scientists say that people evolved from other life forms, but you have no problem with the Biblical claim that we were created from dirt.

3 – You laugh at polytheists (those who believe in many Gods), but you have no problem believing in a Triune God.

4 – You feel disgust when you hear of the “atrocities” attributed to Allah, but you don’t even flinch when hearing about how God/Jehovah slaughtered all the babies of Egypt in “Exodus” and ordered the elimination of entire ethnic groups in “Joshua” including women, children, and trees!

5 – You laugh at Hindu beliefs that worships humans as avatars, and Greek claims about gods sleeping with women, but you have no problem believing that the Holy Spirit impregnated Mary, who then gave birth to a man-god who got killed, came back to life and then ascended into the sky.

6 – You are willing to spend your life looking for little loopholes in the scientifically established facts, e.g. age of Earth (few billion years), but you find nothing wrong with believing dates recorded by Bronze Age tribesmen sitting in their tents and guessing that Earth is a few generations old.

7 – You believe that the entire population of this planet with the exception of those who share your beliefs — though excluding those in all rival sects – will spend Eternity in an infinite Hell of Suffering. And yet consider your religion the most”tolerant” and “loving.”

8 – While modern science, history, geology, biology, and physics have failed to convince you otherwise, some crazy people rolling around on the floor speaking in “tongues” may be all the evidence you need to “prove”Christianity.

9 – You define 0.01% as a “high success rate” when it comes to answered prayers. You consider that to be evidence that prayer works. And you think that the remaining 99.99% FAILURE was simply the will of God.

10 – You actually know a lot less than many atheists and agnostics do about the Bible, Christianity, and church history – but still call yourself a christian.

Wande Coal Drops – The Kick

Posted: January 24, 2013 in Headlines

Just Some moments Ago , the Music Production King , Don Jazzy tweeted A brand new Song by Wande Coal , The Kick. On Jazzy’s Words he says :here’s the link to the Kick:

http://t.co/R5YxZ2ZE link to #Thekick by @Wandecoal. no carry last o IDJA


Fearless Islamic scholar, Sheikh Ahmad Gumi has declared President Goodluck Jonathan “evil” and a failure, and called on him to repent and resign in order to recreate peace in Nigeria. He also said that many top former military Heads of State, Generals Yakubu Gowon, Muhammadu Buhari and Ibrahim Babangida be banned from participating in active Nigerian politics.

Gumi was speaking in a morning sermon today in Kaduna titled “The Man Jonathan”, underlining that the sermon was neither criticism nor praise of a man. He said that Islam teaches that all prophets and people of God are in the Right extreme of the spectrum, while those that fight, oppose and suppress them or their mission are in the left extreme apparently the black.

“It is our faith. I mean Islamic faith that looks at every creature of Allah critically to pass a judgment on whether it is Godly or Evil. This is how things are categorized. The angels spearheaded by Gabriel are the Godly spirits while the Evil spirits are spearheaded by Satan. But when it comes to humans, Godliness can be marred in Evil and Evil can be marred in Godliness, therefore what we have is a spectrum of which the extremes are clear cut and demarcated either white or black while the center is grey.”

He said that the Good can hide or find itself in the middle of Evil and vice versa, drawing attention to verses from the Bible that read: “Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves,” and “For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock.”

Similarly, he said, the Muslim traditions also warn, “In end of times there will be false prophets telling you of things never heard by you or your parents, beware of them lest they misguide you and try you,” and also, “Beware of innovations…The most evil of things are innovations for every innovation is misguidance.”

In that regard, Sheikh Gumi stressed that religious innovators and innovations that change the content or the aim of the divine message is the Evil that sneaked into all the Abrahamic faiths: Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and that this fact prompted Islamic scholars from the beginning to have a profile of every individual that relates to scholarship or preaching and leadership.

“These voluminous masses of unique profile documentations are still preserved and updated to date. Any Muslim can be categorized with these tags as: trustworthy, reliable, dependable, honest, unknown, liar, fabricator, dubious, deceptive, confused, not worth a cent, etc. This ability of Muslims to recognize that evil can creep into them, made the intra-Islamic conflict necessary so that the truth can never be hidden or marred in evil. It became necessary that each human being should be stripped off of everything superficial, attached, gained or ascribed to him and be seen as a homo-sapien first and foremost before passing a judgment on him. That is why it is absolutely necessary to know the man first before you judge whether he is godly or evil.”

Turning to Jonathan using that prism, Sheik Gumi noted that through his faith, if he looked at Jonathan the man, not the president, he would not do the man any justice since he does not know him and I have never met him.

“I can only deduce from what I hear about him, he said: “You shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles?”

He said what stirred his interest in examining who Jonathan is relates to the allegation by Henry Okah, Jonathan’s “kinsman”, who was yesterday convicted in a South African court of involvement in terrorism.

He drew attention to a report on the BBC website (www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-21119470), dated October 5, 2010, and another on the Aljazeera English channel of a live interview with Mr. Okah “Ex-MEND leader”, who implicated Jonathan through a presidential aide who wanted Okah to tell the armed group MEND to withdraw a claim for deadly blasts in Abuja.

Sheik Gumi quoted Okah’s words, “On Saturday morning, just a day after the attack, a very close associate of President Jonathan called me and explained to me that there had been a bombing in Nigeria and that President Jonathan wanted me to reach out to the group, MEND, and get them to retract the earlier statement they had issued claiming the attacks. They wanted to blame the attacks on northerners who are trying to fight against him [Jonathan] to come back as president and if this was done, I was not going to have any problems with the South African government…I declined to do this and a few hours later I was arrested. It was based on their belief that I was going to do that that Jonathan issued a statement saying that Mend did not carry out the attack.”(www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2010/10/2010105115843516850.html).

Gumi described these as the “shocking words” of Okah, noting that earlier, Jonathan said investigations had revealed MEND knew nothing about the attacks, and that the bombings had been carried out by a small group based outside Nigeria, sponsored by “unpatriotic elements within the country.”

“This was while innocent people were arrested by the SSS to augment his presidential political ambition. The conviction of Okah to me is the conviction of MEND as the first terrorist bomb attack the nation witnessed, which Jonathan hastily using the SSS to exonerate and implicate innocent people. Was he misled into that?”

He described the scenario as exactly the dilemma Jesus Christ went through – the persecution of an innocent man of God in the hands of people that claim piety and speak on behalf of God.

“This is an anti-Christ activity. It is shameful. This incidence has made me not see Jonathan on the right of the spectrum. He can still be good but he is definitely marred in Evil. Evil that either directly kills innocent people or Evil that masks killers or Evil that takes advantage from the murder of the innocents for political gains. If Jonathan should be a true man of God, let him repent and step down. That will shed the evil that permeated his regime and committed so much sin against humanity. An amnesty International report has affirmed to that.”

Sheik Gumi said that the move would “stale any pretext of Boko Haram, the Evil that permeated Islam – that ravening grievous wolves in sheep’s clothing.”

Describing Boko Haram as either genuinely a northern political ploy as claimed or a smear from the clandestine Security agents for Jonathan’s political advantage or strategic metamorphosis of MEND and their agenda, he said Jonathan’s resignation will save lives and the nation.

“His resignation will promote peaceful coexistence between Muslims and Christians. It will bring back glory to the nation Nigeria. He will then probably be a “Christ” of Nigeria or the last Evil that wrecked the nation. But as he resigns, the national assembly should promulgate a law – looking at the political situation of the nation – for early elections and banning all the former heavyweight politicians from all parties from politics and vying for political positions. He named such people as Gen. Gowon, Gen. Obasanjo, Gen. Buhari, Gen. Babangida, Gen Abdulsalam, and Alh. Abubakar Atiku.

“They should be statesmen. Let Nigeria breed a new crop of leaders and politicians. The healthy state of the nation should supersede the personal ambitions of individuals or groups. We all have to give and take. That is if we reflect! May Allah shower us with His Blessings and bring peace to our Nation. Ameen.”


Monsignor Christopher Ajala, Administrator of Catholic Diocese of Abeokuta, has highlighted the reason the Catholic Church suspended its activities in the Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN), national body.

Speaking at a press conference to mark the 15th anniversary of the diocese in Abeokuta yesterday, Ajala declared that the Christian umbrella body was too close to government.

He alleged that the Pastor Ayo Oritsejafor-led CAN had derailed from the objectives of the body, adding that the Catholic Bishops Conference was not comfortable with the development, hence its decision to pull out.

His words: “The Catholic Church took their stand before the purchase or the aircraft was donated to him. But what the Catholic Bishops Conference is complaining about is about the way they are running the national CAN now that is not meeting the objectives and the goals of CAN and the forefathers of CAN.

“CAN is now being run as part of the government and we said no. Because they (government) will dictate to us what to do and they will not take our advice seriously. The Catholic Church decided to withdraw from the activities of CAN at national level; we are still part of the state. We made our stand clear in November, last year, and by December, the man bought a jet. I don’t know how he got it but the president was there on that day the jet was delivered to him.

“So, what we are saying is that our religious leaders should be honest, upright and they should also be the conscience of this nation. If you are bought, the masses of this country are finished. If you can use money to buy our religious leaders, then there is no hope for the common man. That is the Catholic Church’s stand. We are supposed to speak for the people to correct the wrongs in the society and assist every government to know the will of God for them and we still stand by that.”

Ajala equally warned that the emergence of a Northern president in the 2015 general election may not be the ultimate solution to the Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria.

“You mentioned that if a Northern president is elected that this will stop, I doubt it. It is very clear now that it’s not the northern leaders that are responsible. If an Emir could be attacked, the Sultan also could be attacked. So, it’s not just a northern leader leading us; that’s not the issue. This group has its own objectives and we should be united in fighting them. Northerners and southerners should be united in fighting this evil.”